How to write an abstract.
See an example. An abstract for an APA style paper should be just one paragraph of up to words. How much you write for each subject area e.
APA Basics: The Four Sections of an APA Paper
At the end of the abstract, you can also include a short list of keywords that will be used for indexing if your paper is published on a database. Listing your keywords will help other researchers find your work. Here is an example of an APA format paper published as a chapter in a book, where the author has included a set of keywords.
The author has chosen the terms listed in the title as keywords as well as several other related keywords that feature in their research.
Silver, Yale University Press Thank you for your question. The guidelines for citing sources in an abstract differ per field of study. In general, an abstract should be self-contained.
However, if your research heavily depends on another it might be acceptable to include a citation. When writing an APA abstract, the keywords section has two lines That's an excellent question. I looked it up in the APA Publication Manual 6th Edition and it turns out that the second line should not be indented. I will also add this to the article Have a language expert improve your writing.
Lastly, regardless of the type of paper, even for persuasive papers, the abstract does not express opinion or use the first-person perspective.
Even though the abstract comes after the cover page in APA format, you usually compose it after your paper is complete. You have all of your content in place, so picking your main points and summarizing them is much easier. Let your introduction and your thesis statement, or topic sentence, as well as other headings and sub-headings and your conclusion guide you as your compose your summary.
Elements of the Abstract Page
Suppose the topic of your research paper is that major fast food chains are now offering healthier options than the usual burgers and fries, and your research shows this is true for four specific reasons. You might include your topic sentence in your abstract such as, "Today's fast food restaurants are offering up healthier options than in the past. Need to cite a webpage? Download our chrome extension.
APA Sample Paper // Purdue Writing Lab
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