The tests illustrate that the geometry of a space can have an enormous effect on its thermal habitability once the assumptions of air conditioning and oversimplified occupants are removed. The designs operate off of a generalizable logic in which the communal, daytime spaces are placed in the areas of a site to take advantage of the most powerful and stable thermal strategies while the fringes include less stable, intermittentlyoccupied, private spaces where occupants can tune the microclimate as they wish.
Although this generalizable logic is constant, the two designs illustrate that widely different forms can emerge based on the climate and the tested strategies. At the same time, Hong Kong is transitioning towards an economy driven by retail and real estate powered by a new private public regime of supplying mobility through its integrated rail property regime. This new formula for urbanization generates generic forms of residential towers upon interconnected retail podiums, replacing the street with controlled spaces of efficient consumption. In these new towns, public life exists within these interiors.
The cuter and more fragmented privately owned public spaces can no longer hold an antagonistic public imagination. The thesis proposes a series of civic spaces as a new threshold to the interior across the new towns along parallel to the border of mainland China and Hong Kong. It is a new town hall that needs to imagine a new form of agonistic public figures that can hold new formats for the political.
New towns and new public figures. Could a landscape and architecture-scale approach that directly addresses the Great Heart—and with it its mythologized image—serve to address immediate economic and water problems for the larger region of Holland? If so, how can the cultural role of the pastoral be maintained even as the typological elements.
And is there room in this changed landscape for new cooperatives that include not just humans but also water and the cows? This thesis proposes new ways of shaping and inhabiting the Green Heart landscape that allow it to store water and generate new economic opportunities for farmers, while retaining those features which allow it to define the Randstad: its emptiness, openness, greenness, and pastoral nature.
By manipulating the ground to shape where new water will flow, groups of farmers are able to create large floodplains that can diversify their incomes. The typology of a long, continuous barn acts as an expanded prosthetic that brings together cows, farmers, and tourists into a new productive transect. A ditch in a polder low lying land encircled by a dike within the Green Heart. My thesis examines the urban transformation of Beirut between and The new center connected the city with the port and with its hinterland through two major thoroughfares lined up with modern office buildings that, for the first time, accommodated underground storage spaces.
My core questions are: What made Beirut develop in this direction? Why were the markets centered the way they were? I argue that the urban transformation of Beirut in the nineteenth century through WWI was a manifestation of a French imperial policy that had been at play a century before the French Mandate. In the second half of the nineteenth century, with the expansion. The French agent intervening in the development of Beirut in fact progressed from it being a financial investor—through private companies sponsoring the silk industry and other trades—in the early nineteenth century, to a major concession holder of various public works in the mid- to late-nineteenth century after the silk trade with the Levant had gradually declined, to a military colonizer in the early twentieth century, when French economic dominance became a governmental pursuit no longer restricted to the operations of private businesses.
My thesis seeks to explore how the change over time in economic and political activities, and in the interests of the colonizers in both the pre-colonial and colonial periods, was reflected in urban design and planning of the city. This thesis is an exploration of two processional pathways that connected the Golconda Fortress to the Qutb Shahi necropolis in southern India at the beginning of the Qutb Shahi dynasty midth Century.
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The pathways were significant because of the jointly political and spiritual qualities held by each. The thesis sheds light on their changing relative importance in shaping the Qutb Shahi necropolis during the early history of the dynasty. The pathways extended northward toward a Sufi shrine and water complex and beyond that to the antecedent capital of Bidar kilometers to the northwest. Later, these paths would be important in connecting Golconda and the necropolis with the city of Hyderabad founded in Methods used to examine these pathways are a mix of historical, topographical, visual, and spatial investigations as they relate to the wider political and spiritual patronages of the sultanate.
The first part of each chapter provides context of the wider patronage of each sultan. The second part explores the landscape of procession by moving through. The final section of each chapter shows how these larger perspectives help to interpret the spatial layout of tombs on the necropolis. Through this analysis of four spatial relationships, the thesis shows how the tomb complex was defined by an initial pair of orientations to the East and South, which shifted to a primary emphasis to the South during the reign of Sultan Ibrahim Quli Qutb Shah , and back to the East during the reign of Sultan Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah As the Sultanate evolved, the pathways became as important as the critical monuments of spiritual and political significance that they connected.
Qutb Shahi Necropolis from Golconda Fortress. Photo c.
While these materials are often conceptually thought of as being solid, monolithic, and even homogeneous, in actuality they rely on logics of assembly more akin to contemporary sandwich structures, which are laminar assemblies typically composed of two or more stressed skins and either a solid or cellular core which binds them. While it is uncommon though not unheard of to deploy ancient materials and construction methods in contemporary architecture, this thesis argues for a newfound relevance of their influence on contemporary and even future material selections and methods.
Specifically, this thesis explores the potentials of composite sandwiches varying in thickness and material in search of architectural possibilities whose structural, formal, and aesthetic implications are a result of tuning multiple influences.
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Variable thickness is used here as a strategy for enabling a range of architectural and tectonic conditions, all. While most commercial products in the realm of composite sandwiches are of uniform thickness in section, this thesis suggests a method for constructing sandwiched elements with variable thickness. This investigation works through a series of small scale prototypes, each of which focus on a particular tectonic, spatial, or structural condition. These mock ups are meant to serve as didactic artifacts, providing feedback with which to incorporate and speculate upon larger architectural propositions through drawing and representation.
The end result is a set of architectural proposals which suggest the beginnings of new design methodologies. Sectional elevation of architectural structure designed to provide seating and shade. Structure consists of rigid urethane foam core sandwiched between two composite skins which utilize adaptive corrugation as a strategy for structural form making.
Thickness in section ranges from 0. Structure stands approximately 8' tall. Faced with aging infrastructure and cuts in federal funding the city has turned to private sector partnerships for new ways to finance the upkeep of its buildings. This thesis suggests that passivesolar design strategies can influence a more sustainable approach to public housing revitalization, integrating site-sensitive infill. My research then explores the application of sunspace additions to existing public housing to expand living spaces while simultaneously reducing heating demand.
This investigation aims to create an integrated process that links new development and public housing upgrades across site, building, and dwelling scales. Axonometric drawing of infill development and upgraded public housing.
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The report cites inadequate protection from extreme heat as one of six major concerns for healthy housing environments. There is a need for housing to provide thermal comfort and health by passive means at low cost. Climate specific passive cooling techniques are well known, but are rarely implemented in informal settlements because of density, lack of resources, design integration, and materials availability. This thesis is situated in the practical connection of two normally disparate parts: applied research in passive cooling techniques, and design It presents data analysis and co-design work that drove the development, field prototyping, and evaluation of appropriate, implementable building solutions to improve thermal conditions in affordable housing in hot and arid climates.
Thermal Field Lab test chamber construction. Photo by author. The understanding of space relies on motion, as we experience space by crossing it. While in motion we sense the environment in time, interacting with space. Simulation tools that introduce human motion into the design process in early stages are rare to nonexistent. Available tools are typically used for deterministically visualizing figures and simulating pedestrians with the goal of analyzing emergency exits or egress. Such simulations are built without consideration for non-goal oriented interaction with space; this presents a gap for design.
However, the use of data from people can elucidate spatial behavior. Advancements in depth camera sensors and computer vision algorithms have eased the task of tracking human movements to millimetric precision. This thesis proposes two main ideas: creating statistics from real motion data for grounding simulations and measuring such motion in relation to space to create a Space-. Motion Metric. This metric takes pedestrian motion and spatial features as input. The Space-Motion Metric seeks actions composed by time, speed, and gestures towards spatial features.
The actions are elaborated as Space-Motion Rules through substantial data analysis. The non-prescriptive combination of the rules generates a non-deterministic behavior focused on design. This research maps, quantifies, and formulates pedestrian motion correlation with space and questions the role of data for projecting what space could be.
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The visualization reflects the sensing range of the Kinect, which is located at the top-center of each visualization. The elevator doors are illustrated in plan.
The visualizations each document one day from May ; each also includes the average time of a user, showing how much is the time spent in that area by standing people. The pattern taken by the lower part of the trajectory data shows the consistency over time of that space usage.
Code is a tool to express logic, method, and function. It has form and is intended to be read by humans. One of the goals of this work is to improve the readability and expression of complex interactions in code.
Current visual programming environments that see the most use inside and outside of architecture present computation in specific terms. I believe these limits hinder the computational designer or novice programmer from learning other mental models of computation which will come up as one explores further. This thesis proposes that by relating code to landscape or a building in space, code will both create and inhabit. A 3D visual programming language that can represent code in space will be able to express the complex abstractions that define computational thinking more intuitively than existing tools by making them memorable in space.
Three nested loops after running; creating a large cube and illustrating the results of all node computations. In this thesis I propose a self-assembly, fabrication procedure that produces solid, dynamic objects. These blocks have embedded magnets that allow the blocks to self-assemble and form spatial lattices. The geometry is specifically designed and refined in order to facilitate self-assembly. The M-Clay is a non-Newtonian viscoelastic liquid infused with magnetic particles within which M-Blocks are partially embedded.
The M-Clay has two roles in the assembly procedure. First, when two or more M-Cells come together, the M-Clay acts as the environment of the assembly procedure. The high viscosity of the material allows a smooth and precise assembly of the embedded M-Blocks. Furthermore, the delay of the. This helps the M-Blocks to error-correct their positioning globally and minimizes possible mistakes.