Here, all boys are generalized as having the same disruptive behavior, while the writer is also assuming all girls are better behaved, showing a bias toward girls. This sentence is more specific, telling the reader the exact percentage of girls and boys that exhibited the behavior, avoiding the assumptions implied by the previous vague phrasing.
This sentence assumes that teachers are female, making assumptions about the gender of this profession and creating gender bias. This statement does not use gender-specific pronouns, but acknowledges a teacher can be male, female, or another gender. Note that this sentence avoids bias by changing the singular "teacher" to be plural and uses plural pronouns. This sentence assumes that all people of Hispanic heritage consider family to be important, especially those in the author's town.
There is not any room given for difference between these families or recognizing that some people of Hispanic heritage may not consider family to be important. This revision is more specific and considers the individual differences between Hispanic families by reporting the specific percentage of those who consider family to be important. It also gives specific information about who conducted the study and where, giving credibility to the writer. This statement makes an assumption about all teenagers without basing it on research, but on the author's own personal experience.
While personal experiences are sometimes helpful, use them as supporting examples, rather than the sole basis for assertions. This sentence presents the same assertion, but uses specific statistical data to support the idea. Rather than basing this statement on one teenager's behavior, it uses a study that surveyed a larger sample of teenagers. Bias does not just have negative implications; writers who are too sympathetic are also displaying bias. Giving an overly favorable opinion of someone can eliminate objectivity. Without NCLB, teachers would be able to perform their jobs perfectly.
This statement is sympathetic towards teachers, stating that all teachers could help students if only the government had not passed NCLB. It assumes all teachers excel at helping students, not allowing for the possibility that some teachers are not very good at their jobs. Although there are other issues that affect teachers' ability to perform their jobs well, without NCLB more teachers would serve their students better.
This revision takes into account that there are other issues affecting teachers' performance besides No Child Left Behind and provides a more balanced view of teachers' abilities to help students. Sensitive language helps you avoid bias.
- ieee research paper writing format;
- alzheimers research paper outline!
- thesis and gender issues?
- Navigation menu?
This statement does not give specific information about the age of the participants, allowing the reader to make assumptions. This statement specifically tells the reader what the age range was for the participants in this survey, ensuring that the reader does not make assumptions about the ages of the participants.
While "man" is fine on its own, paired with "female," it is not parallel. Additionally, "female" should only be used as an adjective i. Instead, always use "man" with "woman" and "male" with "female" and only use "male" and "female" as adjectives and "man" and "woman" as nouns. In this sentence, the parallel terms "man" and "woman" are used.
For a Greater Good: Bias Analysis in Writing Assessment
Also, "female" and "male" are not used as nouns at all. In this sentence, the entire population is considered to be "homosexual," which is not very descriptive. Per APA , "homosexual" is not a specific enough term p. Instead, in this sentence, the term "lesbian" is used to be more specific about the sexual orientation of the population surveyed.
There are many forms of nonparallel terms here: a The term "African American" is paired with "White," which is not parallel. This sentence uses parallel terms for all racial identities, as well as using the specific term "Japanese-American. Here, the personhood of the individuals is affirmed and placed first in the sentence. This way, the reader sees the person first, then the label. American Psychological Association. Publication manual of the American Psychological Association 6th ed. Washington, DC: Author. Walden University prides itself as an inclusive institution that serves a diverse population of students.
Walden recognizes that discussion around gender identity is ongoing. As such, the university will accept any pronoun in student writing so long as evidence can be provided that it is accepted as a respectful term by the community it represents. Walden University respects the evolving endorsements of communities and self-advocacy groups. As such, while the American Psychological Association recommends using people-first language when addressing persons with disabilities e. To this end, the university will accept people-first and identity-first language in student writing so long as evidence can be provided that it is accepted as a respectful term by the community it represents.
Walden University Writing Center.
Scholarly voice: Avoiding bias. Didn't find what you need? Search our website or e-mail us. In addition to avoiding gender, ethnic and racial, and age bias, it is important to not stereotype or demean individuals based on occupation, religion, economic class, political beliefs, intellectual or physical impairments, and so forth. Again, when referring to a particular group, use the term that they prefer to use themselves. When writing to avoid bias, it is also important to be cautious when using euphemisms.
- Albert Einstein’s Essay on Racial Bias in 1946.
- essay about rapid population growth.
- How to Write 5 Paragraph Comparing and Contrasting Essays: Two Approaches.
- Media Bias Essay?
A euphemism is a mild or vague word or phrase that is substituted for one thought to be offensive or blunt. Such words should be avoided when they are simply used in irony or derisively as a means of mocking political correctness. Though they have their place as when a speaker or writer is genuinely trying to be tactful or sensitive to another's feelings , euphemisms can be unnecessarily wordy and indirect. Therefore, when avoiding bias, use euphemisms appropriately.
When your hair turns white and your face has more character, talk to us about helping you meet your long-term care needs. How to Write Without Bias Part of writing effectively is knowing and respecting your audience—all members of your audience.
Avoiding Biased Language Bias is prejudice toward or unfair characterization of the members of a particular group. When writing, avoid using offensive terms when referring to an individual or group of people. Nobody used to hire micks around here. Nobody used to hire individuals around here of Irish descent. He has had the physical handicap since he was five. There are many elderly people in our town. He has had the physical impairment since he was five.
There are many senior citizens [or seniors ] in our town. Avoid expressions that stereotype a group of people, even when the stereotype is a positive one. Our neighbor drives like a farmer.
Avoiding Bias - Scholarly Voice - Academic Guides at Walden University
Cho Yung, a Chinese exchange student, is of course good at science. Since the surgery, my father moves like an old fogy. Our neighbor is a slow driver. Cho Yung, a hard-working exchange student, does well in science. Since the surgery, my father moves more slowly. Avoiding Gender Bias Gender bias in language , or sexist language , is language that stereotypes or demeans an individual or individuals because of their gender. Generic Pronouns Traditionally, the male pronouns were used to represent all members of a group, regardless of gender.