These can be summed up in a simple formula: we are not here to love one another. We are here to spread our genes.
Creation vs. Evolution Essay | Bartleby
This, in turn, implies that there all of life is ranked in order of how successful it is at this game. While I think that there might be some merit to this idea, I think one major fault of Wood's thesis is that he didn't bother to actually unpack and examine it. That's not a particularly rigorous way to go about it. Wood's essay is worth reading on its own merit, because it has some very good thoughts in there about the role of religion in social life as a kind of stop gap against the cruelties of evolution.
But as a matter of explanation, I think it's barking up the wrong tree.
Some Reflections on Enns and The Evolution of Adam: A Review Essay
The reasons for why different people reject evolution, particularly within the context of different religious traditions, are complicated. But for Christianity, the root of why so many people have trouble with evolution goes back to some very basic aspects of theology. Namely, the doctrines of Original Sin and Salvation. Let's take a trip back to the late 4th and early 5th Centuries A.
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The Christian Church is now the official religion of the Roman Empire, many of its early doctrinal struggles were settled at the Council of Nicea, and the Church itself had a mighty philosopher in the form of Augustine, the Bishop of Hippo, who had successfully waged a theological battle against the Donatist heresy, among others. Before Augustine could rest on his laurels, he had a new challenger - a lay monk by the name of Pelagius. Himself a rather ruthless ascetic, Pelagius taught that Christ's life provided an ultimate example of a sinless life.
A sinless life that, he believed, all people were capable of. For Pelagius, salvation was a matter of both will and the practice of good works. For Pelagius, the grace of God assisted people in performing good works, if they chose to accept it. Christ's death, in Pelagius' view, served as something of a pardon for those who believed in him and were willing to turn their lives around.
Augustine and his frequent theological partner, St. Jerome, had some fundamental problems with Pelagius' theology, and through their writings, they build on the writings of earlier Church Fathers to develop what we today know to be the Doctrine of Original Sin. In Augustine's view - a view that, more or less, remains a vital part of most Christian Churches today - when Adam disobeyed God and ate from the fruit of the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil, his sin implicated all of Mankind.
This Original Sin means that everyone - not just Adam - is doomed to damnation. For Augustine and, for the most part, all of Western Christian orthodoxy, Jesus Christ's death was seen as a sacrifice that nullifed Original Sin. He hopes too he shall be excused for his frequent quotations from himself; which are necessary in order to show how he stands at present in relation to various of his former Publications.
Since the above was written, the Author has joined the Catholic Church. But when he had got some way in the printing, he recognized in himself a conviction of the truth of the conclusion to which the discussion leads, so clear as to supersede further deliberation. Shortly afterwards circumstances gave him the opportunity of acting upon it, and he felt that he had no warrant for refusing to do so.
His first act on his conversion was to offer his Work for revision to the proper authorities; but the offer was declined on the ground that it was written and partly printed before he was a Catholic, and that it would come before the reader in a more persuasive form, if he read it as the author wrote it. It is scarcely necessary to add that he now submits every part of the book to the judgment of the Church, with whose doctrine, on the subjects of which he treats, he wishes all his thoughts to be coincident.
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All rights reserved. Works Home Contents Part 1. Part 2.
- 1. What are science and religion, and how do they interrelate??
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- Theistic evolution!
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Section 1. Section 2.
- book thief critical essays.
- expository essay title;
- Why Some Christians Reject Evolution!
Section 3. Doctrinal Developments Viewed in Themselves. The Historical Argument in behalf of the existing Developments.
Genuine Developments Contrasted with Corruptions. Application of the First Note: Preservation of its Type. The Church of the First Centuries.